Missouri Eviction Laws

Any landlord who wishes to evict a residential tenant in Missouri must follow the Missouri eviction process. There are number of valid reasons for which a landlord may wish to evict a tenant:

  • Holdover after expiration of lease
  • Nonpayment of rent
  • Damage to the rental property
  • Violation of a lease provision
  • Illegal gambling on the premises
  • Illegal drug-related activity on the property
  • Assault of another tenant or on the landlord

The Missouri eviction process has two procedures for evictions: rent and possession for nonpayment of rent; and unlawful detainer. The latter process is for holdovers and for particular lease violations that warrant an eviction.

Tenant Self-Eviction

No landlord may evict a tenant without a court order. Self-eviction includes such acts as turning off utilities, padlocking the doors or changing the locks, removing the tenant’s personal belongings, threatening the tenant with violence or any other action designed to force the tenant to vacate the premises.

Eviction Notice Requirements

The Missouri eviction process does not specify a particular notice requirement in cases of nonpayment of rent; only that a demand that the rent be paid. The landlord should at least give the tenant a few days to pay the overdue rent since most states have 3-7 day notice requirements.

The Missouri Eviction Notice must be served either personally on the tenant or by leaving it with a person at least 15-years of age who lives on the property. If no one is present, the server may post the demand and complete a sworn affidavit attesting to service.

For holdovers and lease violations such as creating a nuisance, having unauthorized persons living on the property, or for any other substantial violation, the landlord must serve a 30-day notice to vacate or to comply with the lease provision, if it can be remedied.

The demand to pay or the notice to vacate may be served by either the landlord or his or her representative.

For more information on Missouri Eviction Laws please go to:

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