Minnesota Eviction Laws
The Minnesota eviction process provides for a number of steps and procedures that a landlord must carefully follow or risk having an eviction process dismissed by the court.
Unlawful Tenant Evicition
Should a landlord not adhere to the Minnesota eviction process by neglecting to use the judicial process in ordering a tenant to vacate, he or she can be subject to considerable civil penalties. Self-help measures to expel a tenant are unlawful and include shutting off utilities, denying a tenant access to the premises, removing the tenant’s personal belongings and threatening the tenant.
Unlawful Tenant Evicition
Residential evictions in Minnesota include the following circumstances:
- Nonpayment of rent
- Holdover after lease expiration
- Significant lease violation
- Cancellation of a contract for deed
Most written leases provide for conditions that, if violated, may bring an action for eviction but the violation must be major. This can include drug or other criminal offenses committed on the premises, having unauthorized pets or persons living on the property or for substantially damaging the property. For some of these violations, the lease may provide for a compliance period.
Notice to Quit
Minnesota law requires that the landlord provide in writing either in the lease agreement or before the tenancy begins the name of the person managing the premises and the name of the landlord or agent authorized to accept service of process and of other notices and demands.
The Minnesota eviction notice may be for nonpayment of rent but a landlord may be able to immediately initiate an eviction action unless the lease provides for a notice period, usually 14-days. For lease violations, the landlord may also initiate an immediate eviction action. For non-lease arrangements, the Minnesota eviction process requires that the tenant be given a 14-day notice to quit. The non-lease arrangement generally refers to a tenancy at will, or an arrangement where the tenant leases the property for an unspecified time until the landlord gives notice.
No notice is required if the eviction is for the tenant having violated laws regarding selling, possessing, manufacturing or allowing illegal drugs on the premises.
f the lease does not provide a notice period, then 30-days written notice is required or one full rental period.
Tenants are given an opportunity to pay the entire rent owed or to remedy the lease violation within a certain time specified in the lease, or they will have to vacate, usually within 30-days.
For more information on Minnesota Eviction Laws please go to:
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